Philippine geography

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General geography and underlying geology

  • Maps and placename lists
  • Islands, island groups
  • Seas, marine and coastal features
  • Inland waters (rivers, lakes, marshes etc)
  • Mountains and mountain ranges
  • Plains and valleys
  • Tectonic, volcanic and special geological features

Environment and natural resources

  • Climate and weather patterns
  • The major biomes
  • Forest ecosystems
  • Grassland and wetland ecosystems
  • Marine and aquatic ecosystems
  • Special and micro-ecosystems
  • Philippine flora (terrestrial and aquatic)
  • Philippine fauna (terrestrial and aquatic)
  • Other Philippine biogenetic resources
  • Land and soil resources
  • Mineral resources
  • Water and power resources
  • Parks and reservations

Political geography

  • Regions (traditional and current administrative regions)
  • Provinces (historical and current)
  • Cities and municipalities of the Philippines
  • Barrios and sitios
  • Congressional and traditional districts
  • Political boundary disputes

Population patterns and statistics


  • List of Philippine ethnic groups
  • Particular ethnographic studies
  • See also: topics under Philippine Culture